About Bareroot Plants

KCD's Native Plant Sale offers a variety of native trees and shrubs for conservation purposes such as wildlife habitat, windbreaks, hedgerows, reforestation and stream enhancement. They also work great on home and garden projects.

majority of the plants offered are bareroot stock. This means that they do not come in pots or burlap bags, but are harvested from the field in winter when the plants are dormant and ready to be replanted. Bareroot plants are affordable, hardy, have well-developed roots and are easy to handle, transport and plant. Order early for the best deals and availability. We do sell out of plants, so get yours today!

Use this handy spreadsheet to sort plant sale items by the various categories:
2020 KCD Native Plant List

Your plants will come with basic instructions for care in planting, but we also have a helpful guide here.

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Caring for Bareroot Stock

Bareroot plant material needs to be handled efficiently in order to promote the best health and survival rate for your seedlings. Paying close attention to keeping stock cool, roots moist and protected from direct sunlight, wind, and extreme temperatures will ensure the best results. Several situations require specific attention and they are listed below.

Planting Bareroot Stock

When your stock arrives, you should have your transplanting plan prepared. Roots should be soaked a minimum of 4 to 6 hours before planting to ensure proper hydration. If possible, continue to soak roots while transplanting. Plants should be transplanted within 24 to 48 hours of receiving them. The first two weeks after planting will be the most crucial to survival. So keep your plant material properly irrigated. Additional shade and wind protection may benefit certain species.

Storing Stock

If you must store you plants prior to planting, be sure the selected storage area maintains the correct temperature, has good ventilation and plants will be protected from drying out, heating or freezing. Remove the plants from their bags or boxes and keep roots moist and the tops of plants dry. Do not store stock near fresh produce or cut flowers, both of which release ethylene gas which is deadly to live plant material.

On The Technical Side

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1-0 Hardwood

This is a plant that has grown for one year in a seedbed. They are almost always deciduous-hardwoods. 1-0 hardwood seedlings typically range in size from 6" to 18". They are usually the smallest and least expensive stock type and are the easiest to plant correctly. They are more easily choked out by competing vegetation though. An effective weed control program will minimize that problem.

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2-0 Hardwood

This refers to a plant that has grown two years in a seedbed. It can either be a hardwood or conifer. An obvious advantage of a 2-0 is size. A 2-0 hardwood can range from 12" to 36" tall depending on the species, which provides a plant better able to compete with surrounding vegetation and withstand light to moderate browsing. They do cost more than a 1-0 and require a larger planting hole. The increased initial costs can lead to lower long-term costs due to higher survival and potentially less maintenance.

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2-0 Conifer

This is a two year old plant that spent two years in a seedbed. This results in a seedling with a larger root system, especially relative to the size of the top of the plant. The plug 1 is often the most survivable and vigorous of the stock types listed, but can also be the most costly.

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Plug - 1 or P-1

This is a two year old plant that was originally propagated and grown for 1 year in a greenhouse in a plug tray, then transplanted into a transplant bed for 1 year. This results in a seedling with a larger root system, especially relative to the size of the top of the plant. The plug 1 is often the most survivable and vigorous of the stock types listed, but can also be the most costly.

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Plug

This is a one year old plant that was originally propagated and grown for one season in a greenhouse in a plug tray but never transplanted. This product often has very small top growth (3" to 8") depending on species. Many of the ground covers we sell are these types of plugs and come bundled/wrapped in plastic wrap. Due to their small size these are best planted in sites that have minimal weed competition.  Some people like to plant into 1 gallon pots and grow out for a year prior to planting on a restoration site.